﻿ Formula Reference > Spreadsheet Formula Functions > PMT

This function returns the payment amount for a loan given the present value, specified interest rate, and number of terms.

Syntax

PMT(rate,nper,pval,fval,type)

Arguments

This function has these arguments:

 Argument Description rate Value of interest rate per period nper Total number of payment periods pval Present value, worth now fval [Optional] Future value, cash value after the last payment; if omitted, the calculation uses zero type [Optional] Indicates when payments are due; at the end (0) or beginning (1) of the period; if omitted, the calculation uses the end (0)

Remarks

Be sure that the interest rate and the number of payment periods correspond to the same units. If payment periods are monthly, then the interest rate should be calculated per month. If the interest rate is 6 percent annually, you can use 6% or (6/100) or 0.06 for the rate argument if the payment period is a year, but for monthly pay periods, divide the 6% by 12. The payment returned includes principal and interest but, no taxes, reserve payments, or fees.

The result is represented by a negative number because it is money paid out by you.

See the PV function for the equation for calculating financial values.

Data Types

Accepts numeric data for all arguments. Returns numeric data.

Examples

PMT(B1,C4,C5,C6,1)

PMT(R1C2,8,16,4)

PMT(6%/12, 15, 5000) gives the result -\$346.82

PMT(0.005, 15, 5000, 0, 1) gives the result -\$345.10